Institutional Strategies

Large Cap Growth - Concentrated

The strategy utilizes the same investment approach as the firm’s more diversified Large Cap Growth strategy, but adds an additional step to filter only the best long term ideas. The result is a more concentrated strategy approach consisting of only the highest conviction Large Cap Growth stocks.

The Large Cap Growth investment philosophy is centered on the following beliefs:

Generic growth stock investing is inherently challenging

  • Failure rate of growth companies is very high
  • Risk is often underestimated
  • Most growth investors overpay for short-term earnings growth and underpay for enduring, structural earnings power

Significant, long-term excess returns can potentially be achieved by:

  • Focusing on a smaller subset of unique business franchises, which typically increases the odds for success
  • Having a mindset geared to methodically avoiding common mistakes by emphasizing franchise power and earnings sustainability over earnings growth rates

The stock selection process is based primarily on fundamental research, but does use some quantitative analysis during the screening process. From a quantitative standpoint, the team concentrates on profitability, capital intensity, cash flow and valuation measures, and earnings growth rates. Once the quantitative research is completed the team turns to the internal research department for validation of the initial findings. Key to the fundamental research effort is identifying companies that they believe possess a sustainable competitive advantage, which should enable them to generate superior levels of profitability and growth for an extended period of time. Special focus is given to those companies that appear well-positioned to benefit from secular trends embedded in the marketplace (i.e., demographics, deregulation, capital spending trends, etc.).

The investment process consists of a disciplined 4-step process:

Screening for inclusion in the “Franchise Growth Universe”

The process starts with a quantitative screen that reduces the investable universe of the 1,500 largest U.S. companies down to 200-300. Companies with a market cap of at least $3 billion, and generally above $8 billion are filtered according to the strength of their earnings growth and a profitability matrix. This matrix, an essential part of the team’s analysis, includes measures such as gross margin, operating margin, net margin, return on equity, and/or return on assets.

Franchise Growth Universe – Evaluation of sustainable competitive advantage

The next step consists of identifying the sustainable growth drivers that support the high levels of profitability displayed by this reduced list of 200-300 companies. These generally consist of strong brand equity, proprietary technology, high switching costs, greater access to distribution channels, larger economies of scale, and/or stronger network effects.

Building the Franchise Growth Portfolio

The next step consists of building a portfolio of 45-60 companies that have the appropriate catalysts such as a superior business model (structural advantages producing superior returns) and also attractive industry characteristics (having barriers to entry, large market opportunities and secular unit growth). The selection of these stocks is based on criteria such as profitability, growth, capital discipline and valuation factors.

Building the Concentrated Growth Portfolio

In the final step the team selects what they feel are the best 12 to 18 long term ideas from the diversified 45-60 growth portfolio. The concentrated portfolio consists of only the companies the team feels are the most durable franchises with superior growth characteristics. Despite the limited number of stocks, the team seeks to minimize the risk of business model disruption by paying particular attention to not being over leveraged to a theme or sector.

Daniel P. Becker, CFA

Senior Vice President, Portfolio Manager

Mr. Becker is co-portfolio manager of the firm’s Large Cap Growth investment strategy. He developed the firm’s Large Cap Growth philosophy and has been a portfolio manager of the strategy since 1995. Mr. Becker joined Waddell & Reed as an equity investment analyst in 1989 and covered industries in the Consumer Discretionary, Financials and Industrials sectors. He assumed portfolio management responsibilities in 1994.

Prior to joining Waddell & Reed, Mr. Becker was affiliated with the State of Wisconsin Investment Board from 1988 to 1989.

Mr. Becker earned a MS with an emphasis in Finance, Investments and Banking and a BS in Mathematical Economics from the University of Wisconsin at Madison. He is a CFA charterholder.

Bradley M. Klapmeyer, CFA

Vice President, Portfolio Manager

Mr. Klapmeyer is co-portfolio manager of the firm’s Large Cap Growth investment strategy, appointed to this role in 2016. He has been a member of the Large Cap Growth team since 2011. Mr. Klapmeyer was appointed portfolio manager of the firm’s Tax-Managed Equity mutual funds in 2014. He held equity investment analyst research responsibilities prior to his appointment as co-portfolio manager, covering large cap growth securities and the biotechnology industry.

Prior to joining Waddell & Reed in 2007 as an equity investment analyst, Mr. Klapmeyer held equity analyst positions with Prudential Equity Group, LLC from 2006 to 2007 and with Commerce Bank from 2000 to 2006.

Mr. Klapmeyer earned a BS in Finance from Truman State University. He is a CFA charterholder.

Gage T. Krieger, CFA

Assistant Vice President, Assistant Portfolio Manager

Mr. Krieger is assistant portfolio manager of the firm’s Large Cap Growth investment strategy and assists the co-portfolio managers in idea generation, research, portfolio construction, and risk management efforts. He has been a member of the Large Cap Growth team since 2016. He is also a member of the firm’s equity research team, covering industries in the Health Care sector.

Prior to joining Waddell & Reed in 2012 as an equity investment analyst, Mr. Krieger was a senior associate, equity research covering the telecommunications services sector for Citi Investment Research from 2009 to 2012. Prior to his role at Citi Investment Research in New York, Mr. Krieger was an associate, middle market equity sales for Citigroup Global Markets in Denver, Colorado from 2006 to 2009.

Mr. Krieger earned an MBA from Rockhurst University and a BSBA; concentration in Finance from Colorado State University. He studied German literature and language at Hannover University in Hannover, Germany in a summer Study Abroad Program. He is a CFA charterholder.

3 years, 5 years, 10 years annualized. Returns are presented on a dollar-weighted basis and may be impacted by ongoing market volatility. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Please inquire for more current performance information.

Total Returns1,2,3

Average Annual Total Returns as of 6/30/2017
(Returns for periods of less than 1-yr are not annualized)

  QTD  YTD 1YR 3YR 5YR 10YR
Large Cap Growth Concentrated - Gross 4.33%  14.67% 23.83% 8.52% 15.16% 11.18%
Large Cap Growth Concentrated - Net 4.13%  14.24% 22.92% 7.78% 14.41% 10.49%
Russell 1000 Growth Index 4.67%  13.99% 20.42% 11.11% 15.30% 8.91%

Calendar Year Returns1,2

  Large Cap Growth Concentrated Gross Large Cap Growth Concentrated Net Russell 1000 Growth Index
2016 0.24% -0.47%  7.08% 
2015 4.23% 3.53% 5.67%
2014 13.71% 13.03% 13.05%
2013 40.51% 39.67% 33.48%
2012 17.21% 16.51% 15.26%
2011 6.80% 6.16% 2.64%
2010 9.85% 9.20% 16.71%
2009 33.21% 32.41% 37.21%
2008 -37.06% -37.44% -38.44%
2007 40.17% 39.33% 11.81%

1Large Cap Growth Concentrated composite is comprised of 1 account that had $9.9 million in total assets as of 6/30/17. • Returns reflect the reinvestment of all dividends and other earnings. Portfolio returns are net of all foreign reclaimable and nonreclaimable withholding taxes, if applicable. Withholding taxes are recognized on an accrual basis or cash basis depending on client and/or account type. Additional information regarding treatment of withholding taxes is available upon request. Returns shown gross of fees reflect the deduction of commissions paid, but are gross of all other expenses. Net-of-fees returns are calculated by deducting the highest applicable advisory fee from the monthly gross composite return. The actual fees paid by a client may vary based on assets under management and other factors. A client’s return will be reduced by investment management fees and other expenses incurred in the management of a client’s account. Investment advisory fees are described in Part 2 of the ADV. Investment returns and the actual value of each client account will fluctuate, and at any given time an account could be worth more or less than the amount invested. • The benchmark selected for the composite is intended to provide a method to compare the composite’s performance to an index including securities that are generally similar to those that are included in the composite. However, composite holdings (and, accordingly, risk and volatility) may differ significantly from the securities tracked by its benchmark.

2Russell Investment Group is the source and owner of the Russell Index data contained or reflected in this material and all trademarks and copyrights related thereto. The presentation may contain confidential information and unauthorized use, disclosure, copying, dissemination or redistribution is strictly prohibited. This is a presentation of Ivy Investment Management Company (IICO). Russell Investment Group is not responsible for the formatting or configuration of this material or for any inaccuracy in IICO’s presentation thereof.

3QTD return from April 1, 2017 through June 30, 2017.

Data as of 6/30/2017

10 Largest Holdings

as a % of total assets

Alphabet, Inc. Class C 7.39%
MasterCard, Inc. Class A 6.82%
Adobe Systems, Inc. 5.73%
Facebook, Inc. Class A 5.23%
Home Depot, Inc. (The) 5.08%
Microsoft Corp. 4.95%
Philip Morris International, Inc. 4.85%
Visa, Inc. Class A 4.75%
Celgene Corp. 4.75%
salesforce.com, Inc. 4.40%

Sector Diversification

as a % of equity assets

Information Technology 47.72%
Health Care 18.64%
Consumer Discretionary 14.02%
Financials 7.49%
Industrials 7.10%
Consumer Staples 5.03%

Composite Composition1

Domestic Common Stock 95.43%
Foreign Common Stock 1.69%
Cash and Cash Equivalents 2.87%

Composite Total Assets1

Assets ($M) $9.9
Number of Accounts 1

Supplemental data: The Large Cap Growth - Concentrated holdings and sector diversification data shown are 1 of the 1 composite account without client specific investment restrictions and may not be reflective of the Large Cap Growth - Concentrated composite as a whole or of any other Large Cap Growth - Concentrated account currently, or in the future, included in such composite. The securities identified and described do not represent all of the securities purchased, sold or recommended for client accounts. The reader should not assume that an investment in the securities identified was or will be profitable.

1Large Cap Growth Concentrated composite is comprised of 1 account that had $9.9 million in total assets as of 6/30/17. • Returns reflect the reinvestment of all dividends and other earnings. Portfolio returns are net of all foreign reclaimable and nonreclaimable withholding taxes, if applicable. Withholding taxes are recognized on an accrual basis or cash basis depending on client and/or account type. Additional information regarding treatment of withholding taxes is available upon request. Returns shown gross of fees reflect the deduction of commissions paid, but are gross of all other expenses. Net-of-fees returns are calculated by deducting the highest applicable advisory fee from the monthly gross composite return. The actual fees paid by a client may vary based on assets under management and other factors. A client’s return will be reduced by investment management fees and other expenses incurred in the management of a client’s account. Investment advisory fees are described in Part 2 of the ADV. Investment returns and the actual value of each client account will fluctuate, and at any given time an account could be worth more or less than the amount invested. • The benchmark selected for the composite is intended to provide a method to compare the composite’s performance to an index including securities that are generally similar to those that are included in the composite. However, composite holdings (and, accordingly, risk and volatility) may differ significantly from the securities tracked by its benchmark.

2Russell Investment Group is the source and owner of the Russell Index data contained or reflected in this material and all trademarks and copyrights related thereto. The presentation may contain confidential information and unauthorized use, disclosure, copying, dissemination or redistribution is strictly prohibited. This is a presentation of Ivy Investment Management Company (IICO). Russell Investment Group is not responsible for the formatting or configuration of this material or for any inaccuracy in IICO’s presentation thereof.

3QTD return from April 1, 2017 through June 30, 2017.

As of 6/30/2017

Portfolio Managers:
Daniel P. Becker, CFA
Bradley M. Klapmeyer, CFA

Portfolio Review

Equity markets continued to perform well and ascend to new highs during the second quarter with strong gains across most indices. Growth – across all caps – outperformed value, as measured by Russell broad market indices. The rotation that began in early 2017 from riskier deep cyclicals and value equities into higher quality and higher growth equities continued, as it became apparent that the potential for meaningful Washington policy reform was fading. Many of the growth stocks that had performed quite poorly during much of 2016 experienced sharp moves upward, as investors had to recalibrate gross domestic product (GDP) expectations for the immediate future. The Portfolio marginally underperformed the Russell 1000 Growth Index (Portfolio’s benchmark) for the quarter. June was particularly poor for the Portfolio as many growth stocks experienced a systematic and correlated decline late in the month and quarter for little apparent reason. These volatility shocks seem to come and go over time and are events we have experienced regularly for nearly eight years. We believe many of the unexplained moves are due, at least in part, to the rise and popularity of ETFs, passive investing, risk parity strategies, and quantitative and algorithmic investing. Especially peculiar is that the fastest revenue growth and the slowest revenue growth companies both performed generally well, leaving the moderate growth companies behind during the quarter. Technology stocks continue to perform well, and energy stocks had a particularly poor quarter as the price of oil and natural gas fell much further than many thought it would.

Outlook

Investors watched the Washington policy debates with interest but seemed to take the lack of progress in stride, judging by the strong market returns. It may be that improved global growth – as illustrated by a weakening U.S. dollar – along with a stable U.S. economic backdrop was enough to maintain positive sentiment. Economic data during the quarter, specifically labor, manufacturing and even slight improvements in retail sales, remained supportive of growth despite fiscal policy delays. There was not a material tone change in the quarter. It felt very much like a continuation of the themes from the start of 2017, including noise from Washington on the policy front, Federal Reserve (Fed) bumping up interest rates, and economic data generally supportive of moderate economic growth environment. From our standpoint, it seems that GDP, profits and aggregate cash flows for most companies are improving while corporate outlooks are generally positive. We think we are on course for continued record profits in many industries, after a brief profit recession back in 2014-2015. Our expectation from late 2016 was that there would be a renewed sense of economic optimism that might translate into greater employee hiring, capital spending and GDP growth. Although these events are still possible, we now think it’s best to expect a continuation of the moderate, but long-lived economic cycle we have known for several years. If the current cycle can last an additional two years, it will go down as one of the longest expansionary periods on record. As we think about the outlook for 2018, we believe the economic excesses that give birth to economic cycles still aren’t apparent, while cash flows and profits should remain abundant. International economies that have been in recession the past few years have emerged and are now accelerating for the first time in many years. Many of the global data points we analyze are now positive, a scenario that will eventually thrust global central banks into a change in monetary policy, much like the one our Fed is well into. Globally, central bank balance sheets must start to shrink and anomalously low interest rates gradually will have to increase. The path and speed we take toward these goals will undoubtedly create market potholes and volatility shocks as they have in the past, but we now have become accustomed to these events and tend to look at them opportunistically. Within the Portfolio, our positions in the financials sector have remained high versus the recent past and our defensive area positions have been further reduced, as these areas seem most anomalous and correlated to low bond yields globally.

The opinions expressed in this commentary are those of the portfolio managers and are current through June 30, 2017. The managers’ views are subject to change at any time based on market and other conditions, and no forecasts can be guaranteed. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Any mention of investment performance refers to gross-of-fees performance, unless otherwise noted. 
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Key Features

Composite Performance History Since 1/1/2003
Benchmark Russell 1000 Growth Index
Style Fundamental, Growth
Target Alpha 200-300 bps above Index
Over full market cycles (3-5 years)
Peer Universe U.S. Large Cap Growth Equity
Typical Tracking Error 600-1000 bps
Holdings Range < 18
Max Position Size 15%
Sectors 0-2X Index weights
Proprietary Growth Spectrum Diversification across three proprietary buckets: Accelerating, Controlled and Cyclical
Investment Vehicles Institutional Separate Account